Speculation & Vacancy Tax - What It Means for You

What is speculation and vacancy tax?

The newly named “speculation and vacancy tax” will apply to those who own second and vacant homes in applicable areas of B.C. as of December 31, the provincial government announced October 16.

Anyone who owns a home that is not their primary residence, and that is not rented out at least six months of the year, on December 31 of each taxation year, is liable for the tax for that year. The tax only applies in certain areas, which are the Capital Regional District, Metro Vancouver (except Bowen Island and Lions Bay), Abbotsford, Mission, Chilliwack, Kelowna, West Kelowna, Nanaimo and Lantzville.

For owners of such properties, as of December 31, 2018, the tax will be levied at 0.5 per cent of the property’s assessed value for all owners, no matter where their own residence is.

In 2019 and beyond, the tax rates will be:

• 2 per cent for foreign nationals and satellite families who do not pay income tax in Canada;

• 1 per cent for Canadian citizens and permanent residents who are not resident in B.C. for income tax purposes (and not members of a satellite family); and

• 0.5 per cent for British Columbia residents who are Canadian citizens or permanent residents (and not members of a satellite family). B.C. residents are also eligible for up to a $2,000 tax credit against this tax, effectively exempting the first $400K in value of the property from the tax.

All homeowners within the affected areas will be sent declaration forms by mid-February. Owners must declare whether the home is their primary residence or a second home/investment property, and whether that property is rented out and, if so, for how many months. For property owners in the City of Vancouver, this declaration form will be in addition to their municipal Empty Homes Tax declaration form.

Carole James, Minister of Finance, said, “We believe the people who live and work in B.C. should be able to afford a place to call home. Right now, British Columbians are faced with some of the highest housing prices in the world and there is widespread support for government’s plan to moderate the housing market. We’re tackling this housing crisis head-on and the speculation and vacancy tax is an essential piece in our plan.”

The speculation tax originally proposed in February’s B.C. Budget came under fire from various angles, not least because of its name. Many argued that the majority of those who will be liable to pay are not real estate speculators, but owners of second homes that are left vacant much of the year. The tax has newly been named the “speculation and vacancy tax” to address those concerns.

Other concerns raised by property owners, municipalities and the development industry have not yet been addressed by the finance ministry. These include fears that the tax will put some regions at a competitive disadvantage over other areas, that the tax could damage tourism and the local economy, and that owners of vacation homes will be unable to continue to enjoy their properties.

However, the ministry said that it would have exemptions in place for developers and builders who own land on which they are applying for financing, applying for a permit, undergoing community consultations, clearing land, undergoing renovations and entering into design, engineering or building contracts.

In a statement, Urban Development Institute president and CEO Anne McMullin said, “In the midst of a housing crisis, we applaud the government’s recognition that taxes on development lands will increase costs on the delivery of all types of new housing. We encourage government to also act in Budget 2019 to apply similar exemptions for the new school tax and other new property taxes that are passed on to eventual home buyers and renters.”

McMullin added, “We remain concerned about the application of the [speculation and vacancy] tax to British Columbians and out-of-province Canadian taxpayers. We had also hoped the government would consider respecting the opt-out request of many municipalities outside of Metro Vancouver.”

Polls suggest that most B.C. residents do not share the industry's concerns. A survey by Insights West following February’s B.C. Budget found that the vast majority of British Columbians were in support of the province’s proposed taxation measures, including the speculation tax.

More from Gov.BC

The speculation and vacancy tax is a key measure in tackling the housing crisis in major urban centres in British Columbia, where home prices and rents have skyrocketed out of reach for many British Columbians.

The provincial government is taking action because people who live and work in B.C. deserve an affordable place to call home.

The speculation and vacancy tax is a part of government's 30-Point Plan to make housing more affordable for people in our province.

This new annual tax is designed to:

  • Target foreign and domestic speculators who own residences in B.C. but don’t pay taxes here
  • Turn empty homes into good housing for people
  • Raise revenue that will directly support affordable housing

All owners of residential property in the designated taxable regions of B.C. must complete an annual declaration. Over 99% of British Columbians are estimated to be exempt from the tax.

How to Exempt Yourself

To claim your exemption, you must register your property by March 31, 2019 – and it’s easy to do, either by phone or online. The information you’ll need to register your property declaration will be mailed by mid-February to all owners of residential property within the taxable regions. 

Contact us if you’re expecting a declaration letter from us and haven’t received one by late February.

Please note that if your property has more than one owner, even if the other owner is your spouse, a separate declaration must be made for each owner. 

How the Tax Will Be Charged If You're Not Exempt

The speculation and vacancy tax rate varies depending on the owner’s tax residency and whether the owner is a Canadian citizen or permanent resident of Canada, or a member of a satellite family.

By levying the highest tax rate on foreign owners and satellite families (those who earn a majority of income outside the province and pay little to no income tax in B.C.), the speculation and vacancy tax is a way to make sure these property owners are paying their fair share in taxes.

The speculation and vacancy tax applies based on ownership as of December 31 each year.

Note: The speculation and vacancy tax is distinct from the empty homes tax in the City of Vancouver.

Read our answers to questions on the speculation and vacancy tax and learn about how to declare, the taxable regions and the available exemptions.

Subscribe to receive updates as new information about the speculation and vacancy tax becomes available.


For more information text (604) 537-9791


- Vancourier

- Goverment of BC


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Moe Pourtaghi

"Nothing brings me more joy than seeing my buyers & sellers have success in their Real Estate endeavours. I hope you find the articles on my blog inspiring and educating in your ventures." - Moe Pourtaghi

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